He was a physician who specialised in Unani system of medicine. He founded the Tibbia College, which was instrumental in reviving the system of Unani in India. He was an eminent nationalist and a freedom fighter. He participated in the Satyagraha movement led by Mahatma Gandhi (The Father of the Nation), as well as the Khilafat movement.
He was born on 11th February 1868 in Delhi. He studied medicine under the tutelage of his relatives, many of whom were important Unani practitioners. He completed his training in Unani under Hakeem Abdul Jameel in Delhi. He then became the chief physician to the Nawab of Rampur. He was instrumental in establishing three important Unani institutions: the Central College in Delhi, the Hindustani Dawakhana and the Ayurvedic and Unani Tibbia College. He argued for the absorption of Western medical practices and concepts into Unani, something Hakeem Abdul Aziz of the Lucknow school opposed. He was one of the founders of Jamia Milia Islamia University as well as its first chancellor. He died of heart problems on 29th December 1927.