Commonly known by his Latinized name 'Avicenna', Ibn Sena was a Persian polymath who wrote about 450 texts on a wide range of topics. His most famous works are 'The Book of Healing' (a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia) and 'The Canon of Medicine'. He was born in 980 AD in a village near Bukhara in Uzbekistan.
His works include texts on Philosophy, Astronomy, Alchemy, Geology, Psychology, Islamic Theology, Logic, Mathematics, Physics, as well as Poetry. Ibn Sena wrote extensively on early Islamic philosophy, especially on Logic, Ethics, and Metaphysics. Ibn Sena wrote several commentaries on the works of Aristotle in the spirit of 'Ijtihad' or independent reasoning. His 14-volume 'The Canon of Medicine' ('Al-Qanoon fi al-Tibb' or 'The Laws of Medicine') was a standard medical text in Europe and the Islamic world until the 18th century.